Coal Mining

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MINING CONCESSION

Foruna Kasran Group operates a coal mine concession.

We have established our own coal mining concession in Sumatra Barat in 2020. The primary entry route from our coal mine to the main road network has been completed. We have installed major excavation equipment and have begun processing coal from our mine since the end of 2020.

Currently, we have secured major buyers for our coal mainly from local Government and also from private power plant companies located in Dumai, Padang and Pekan Baru. Early monthly production is around 15,000 metric ton per month and will increase further as work progress.

Fortuna Kasran Group will also schedule to launch coal production projects in other areas by early 2021 either by investing in new mines or joint operations with existing owners who need capital funding to increase their mine operations.

COAL

coal

Coal is available in a variety of forms, ranging from rock-like lumps to finely ground powder. This makes it easy to transport and easy to use.

Most coal mined is called steam coal or thermal coal as it is used to make steam to generate electricity. Steam coal is a readily available fuel source, making it one of the most affordable options available to many communities and industries. In addition to its affordability, coal is an extremely reliable and convenient fuel.

Like with any substance, coal has its share of drawbacks. First, it is associated with high pollution which affects the environment. It is more polluting than some other energy sources (such as gas) which is why it has fallen out of favour in recent years. Second, it is not as renewable a resource as others, although it is a renewable resource since it can be recycled. Other energy sources like natural gas are less polluting but significantly more exhaustive and more vulnerable to price fluctuations in the world market. Therefore, the world’s industries have increasingly turned their attention to coal.

TYPES OF MINING

There are two main types of coal extraction methods. They are surface and underground mining.

SURFACE MINING

Surface mining is also used where coal is under 200 feet underground. In surface mining, large machinery lift topsoil and rock deposits known as overburden to reveal coal seams. Mountaintop removal is a method of surface mining where the tops of the mountains are dynamited and removed for access to coal seams. Once the coal is cleared, the disturbed land will be replaced with grass and trees for planting. About two-thirds of United States coal production comes from surface mines because surface mining is cheaper than underground mining.

UNDERGROUND MINING

Underground mining, also referred to as deep mining, is required when the coal is several hundred meters below the surface. Many underground mines are hundreds of meters deep with tunnels that can extend from vertical mine shafts for kilometers . Miners ride elevators down deep mine shafts and move on small trains through long tunnels to get to the coal. Miners use heavy equipment to mine coal.

COAL CONSUMPTION

Coal Power Plant

COAL CONSUMPTION IN SINGAPORE

In 2013, Singapore opened its first coal-fired power plant in Jurong Island. Coal was chosen to diversify the plant’s fuel mix for energy security and price stability. Coal prices have remained stable while oil prices are volatile.

95% of Singapore’s electricity is derived from natural gas, while the remainder is provided from coal, oil, municipal waste and solar.

As of 2016, Singapore uses 761,679 tons (short tons, ‘st’) of Coal per year.

Singapore ranks 77th in the world in terms of coal consumption, accounting for around 0.1 per cent of the world‘s overall consumption of 1,139,471,430 tonnes.

Singapore uses 369 cubic feet per capita per day (based on the population of 5,653,634 people in 2016), or 134,724 cubic feet of Coal per capita per year.

TREND USING COAL

Amid growing global worries about steadily increasing carbon emissions, coal remains the cheapest and most effective source of energy for most Southeast Asian countries, accounting for 58 per cent of electricity production in Indonesia, 50 per cent in the Philippines and 34 per cent in Vietnam in 2017, according to the UK-based Carbon Tracker report. Power generation using coal is expected to double by 2030.95% of Singapore’s electricity is derived from natural gas, while the remainder is provided from coal, oil, municipal waste and solar.

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